The main breeders’ challenge is matching genetics to multiple markets requirements and in multiple growing environments. Genomic selection (GS) is an innovative and advanced method that can be used in this context. The method uses whole-genome marker information combined with phenotype information to assist breeders in selecting the very best individuals for the next generation based on their genetic potential while decreasing the generation interval. In the coming years, GS will have major implications as a genetic evaluation system that increase the speed of genetic improvement.
Discovery of markers in all plant species by next-generation sequencing for accelerated plant breeding